Fiilden ya da kelimelerden isim yada sıfat türetme konularında derslerimiz devam ediyor. İngilizcede prefix ( önek ) ve suffix ( son ek ) leri fiil sonuna ekleyerek fiili isim ya da sıfat haline getirebiliyoruz.
Aşağıdaki örnekleri inceleyelim ;
comfort = comfortable / komforlu ( sıfat )
relax = relaxing / rahatlatıcı ( sıfat )
appoint = disappointed / hayal kırıklığı ( sıfat )
We can imagine to stay in a comfortable hotel this year. I think it is the most relaxing way to spend our holiday. Do you remember how we felt disappointedwhen we were in Rome last year.
tradition = traditional / geleneksel
health = healthy / sağlıklı
courage / courageous / cesur, encourage / cesaretlendirmek
In traditionalcommunities, there are different eating and clothes habits. In the past, people used to eat from fresh vegetables. But today, people eat too much fast food and this is not, of course, healthy.
We have to encourage people to eat more fresh food and vegetables.
appear = disappear / ortadan kaybolmak
repeat = repetitive / tekrarlayan
easy = easily / kolayca
Traditional food from our menus are about to disappear. / Geleneksel yiyecekler menülerimizden kalkmak üzere bugün
Generally, we can't have our diets as repetitive as we used to. / Genelde, geçmişte yaptığımız gibi tekrar diyetler yapamıyoruz.
Why don't we try to prepare our meals from traditional ingredients ? We can do it easily.
Verilen ip ucu kelimeden yeni cümle yazma ;
The dish was so hot that I didn't eat it. / too zarfını kullanarak yeniden yazalım ;
-The meal was too hot for me to eat. / Yemek yemek için çok sıcaktı. / ( ya da , yiyemeyecek kadar sıcaktı )
We couldn't get a seat at the cinema because it was too full. / so
- The cinema was so full that we couldn't get a seat
During our visit to Istanbul, we took tens of photos. / while
- We took tens of photos while we were visiting Istanbul
I didn't notice that my driving licence was not in my purse. / lost
- I noticed that I had lost my driving licence.
The food was very tasty so that I thanked the chef in the restaurant. / such.
It was such a tasty food that I thanked the chef.
( İsim tamlaması olduğunda such, sıfat olduğunda so geldiğine dikkat edelim. )
I ate very late because my wife prepared the meal spending too much time. / time
My wife spent such a long time preparing the meal.
Aşağıdaki kelimelerin değişik formalarını çalışalım ;
qualify = ?
improve = ?
advise = ?
advertise = ?
obey = ?
assist = ?
know = ?
prefer = ?
communicate = ?
enjoy = ?
confident = ?
interest = ?
attend = ?
difficult = ?
achieve = ?
behave = ?