INTERMEDIATE

GRAMMAR INTERMEDIATE KONULARI

FETHİ ARSLAN
INTERMEDIATE

Daha önce 2 ders halinde çalıştığımız R.Speech’de şimdi MODAL / Y.Fiillerin aktarımını çalışacağız. Söylenen cümleyi başkasına aktarırken ( report ) nasıl değiştine dikkat ediniz ;

 

Direct Speech ;                                                                                          Reported Speech;

She said “ I will visit you this evening.”                             She said that she would visit me that evening.

She said “ I must try again.”                                                 She said she had to  try again.

She said “ I can speak English.”                                           She said she could speak English.

She said “ You should study harder.”                                 She said I should  study harder.

She said “ Where shall I go ? “                                             She asked where she should go.

She said “ She had better stay tonight.”                            She said she had better stay that night.

She said “ She needn’t know where he was going.          She said she didn’t need to know where…..

She said “ I may be late. “                                                     She said she might be late.

 

Önemli Report / aktarma kelimeleri;

 

D; Direct     R ; reported

Refuse / red etme .     D;      “I won’t help you.”                                                        R; She refused to help me

Promise / Söz verme.    D;      “ I absolutely lend you some Money.”        R ; He promised to lend…

Allow / İzin verme .       D ;   “ You can use my laptop.”           R ; He allowed me to use his…. .

Offer / teklif.      D; “ Do you want me to help you ? “      R ; He offered to help me.

Beg / Yalvarma.    D; “ Please, be quiet.”         R ; She begged us to be quiet.

Agree / Kabul etme.    D; “ I will be glad to help you. “   R ; He agreed to help me.

Command / emretme.    D; “ come here.”        R ; He commanded me to come.

Urge / Baskı, zorlama, ısrar etme        D: “Try to be polite”     R ; He urged us to be polite.

Threaten / Tehdit etme.       D ; “ I will kill you “    R ; He threatened to kill me.

Warn ; Uyarma.     D; “ Be careful near the beach.”    R ; He warned us to be careful near the beach.

Want / İsteme.    D ; “ I would like you to do your business. “  R ; He wanted me to do my business.

Invite / Davet etme .   D:  “ Would you like to join our wedding?”    R ; He invited us to  join his wedding.

Accuse of / Suçlama .    D;  “ You broke my glasses.”      R ; He accused me of breaking his glasses.

Admit / İtiraf etme / Kabul etme.   D; “ Yes, I broke your glasses “     R; He admitted breaking / having broken the glasses.

Apologise for  / Özür dileme .   D; “ I ‘m sorry I broke it. “      R ; He apologised for breaking the glasses.

Boast about / Övünme, böbürlenme.  D; “ I play chess better than you. “   R; She boasted about playing better than me.

Deny / İnkar etme.   D; “ I didn’t break the glass.”     R ; He denied breaking the glass.

Suggest / Önerme.    D; “ Let’s watch a movie”    R ; He suggested watching a movie.”

Complain about / şikayet etme.   D; “ You always come late.”      R ; He complained to me about my always coming late.

Encourage / cesaretlendirme .   D; “ Come on, speak”      R ; he encouraged me to speak.

Explain / açıklama.    D; “ I will finish the experiment in two months.”     R ; He explained to us he would finish the experiment in two months.

Diyalog Aktarma / Reporting a dialogue

D; “ I was glad to hear you  have come in the first place in the competition. I hope you feel happy now.”  He said.

R ; He said he was glad to hear I had come in the first place and added he hoped I felt happy .

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